-ed Pronunciation


Regular verbs in the past simple and past participle add the suffix -ed. The pronunciation of this suffix might be a bit confusing sometimes. So here you have the three different ways in which it can be pronounced:

  1. /t/ after verbs ending in voiceless sounds (sounds that don’t vibrate). Examples: looked, hoped, passed.
  2. /d/ after verbs ending in voiced sounds (sounds that vibrate). Examples: arrived, changed, showed.
  3. /ɪd/ after verbs ending in /t/ or /d/. Examples: hated, started, decided, ended.

Watch the video to listen to the three sounds and discover more examples.

After watching the video you can practise with the following exercise: